Author: Marc Bombenon (Page 2 of 2)

Telecommunications: Radio Waves

radioantennaIn a broad sense of the word, telecommunication is defined as “communication over a distance by cable, telegraph, telephone, or broadcasting.” Most of us are familiar with Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone. Besides him, other notable pioneers in the telecommunications field include Samuel Morse, inventor of the telegraph, Lee de Forest, inventor of the radio, and Philo Farnsworth, inventor of the television.

Modern telecommunication technology has come a long way, rapidly advancing from year to year as science and technology alike becomes increasingly complex. Radio waves in particular have a huge impact on AM and FM broadcasts, cell phones, wireless networks, television broadcasts, police radios, and more. Without radio waves, it would be impossible to use satellite based communication and navigation including modern air travel which heavily depends on a number of intricate radio systems. At its core, radio is amazingly simple technology; however, it’s seemingly infinite uses has cemented it as the key to modern communication.

Radios today use continuous sine waves to transmit information like audio, video, and other forms of data. Although invisible to the naked eye, we are surrounded by thousands of sine waves being used by our mobile devices, computers, and even microwaves. As the prevalence of wearable technology increases, so will the radio waves around us.

A basic radio is set up in two parts: the transmitter and the receiver. The job of a transmitter is to take a message (for example, someone’s voice or a text input), encode that information into a sine wave, and then transmit it into radio waves. Intrinsic to its name, the receiver decodes the radio wave into useful information that we can process as an animated gif or witty email. So, for example, your cell phone contains at least one radio antenna that both transmits and receives radio signals. A 4G equipped cell phone would simply contain an advanced radio system that can transmit and receive more compact data at a quicker speed.

Radio waves are fairly easy to understand, yet they provide a world of opportunities engineers are only beginning to tap into.

5gtech

Dreams in 5G

Last week, Verizon Wireless shook headlines as the company claimed that they would begin conducting field tests using 5G technology next year. Verizon’s chief information and technology architect even stated that they expect “some level of commercial deployment” to occur by 2017. Earlier projections were slated for 2020 at the earliest. Yet trials by 2016 would position Verizon as the world’s first carrier to make substantial strides towards fifth generation technology. While we can’t be sure just how large the scope of influence 5G will have, many reflect on how 4G LTE services ushered a new wave of mobile devices, tablets, and consumer goods. Verizon suggests that 5G connectivity will be 30 to 50 times faster than our current 4G LTE services.

Unfortunately, AT&T isn’t biting. Although Verizon turned up the heat by announcing 5G plans, AT&T believes this claim is drastically premature. According to Glenn Lurie, chief executive of AT&T Mobility, “We’re not at a point to be making promises or commitments to customers as to what 5G is. We as an industry have been really good at overpromising and underdelivering when it comes to new technology.” At this time, 5G technology remains in beta stage; no one can agree on what 5G actually entails. Lurie wants to be sure that before wireless companies begin making bold claims, the industry holds a solid consensus.

Verizon countered AT&T’s argument by presenting its strong network connections and facilities. While most heavyweight wireless carriers are dabbling in 5G technologies, Lurie asks the industry to first come together and figure out a standard for the technology. History distinctly recalls Verizon as the first to bat with 4G technology in 2008. Although AT&T initially downplayed the immediate benefits of 4G connectivity, the eventual adoption of 4G LTE by both Verizon and AT&T significantly changed the landscape of the wireless community.

For now, the hope is that 5G will bring speeds higher than Google Fiber optics to wireless devices. A full length movie should be able to download in 15 seconds instead of the 6 minutes it currently takes on 4G. Now that’s fast!

Social Media

3 Useful Technological Tools for Entrepreneurs

These days, entrepreneurship extends past innovative ideas and sheer grit. In order to be successful, an entrepreneur needs a sophisticated set of skills ranging from basic communication and networking, to web design and fundraising. Tech tools have gained upward momentum and presence even outside of the tech-sphere. In other words, your company doesn’t have to be a tech start-up to benefit from modern software and social tools. Without working knowledge of how to use these tools, your startup may gradually fall behind in this fast-paced, dog-eat-dog industry. Below, you will find a list of 3 useful tools that you should familiarize yourself with as soon as possible!

1. Basic HTML & CSS Coding: HTML and CSS are the building block of web development. Basic understanding of this will make drafting and tweaking company websites, online portfolios, or forums light years easier. Even if a professional web designer and developer are contracted to complete the project, by understanding the process, your expectations will align closer to the timeline and abilities of the designer and developer. Code Academy is a great way to start learning.

2. Social Media: Social media has expanded rapidly over the past few years and currently supports most media formats available. Businesses benefit from platforms like Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn. Depending on your startup needs, other services may be more or equally useful. If your company is design or graphic media based, an Instagram, Pinterest, or Tumblr account would work very well. Through social media, authentic engagement between your company and users/buyers will absolutely improve your online presence, make your business seem more user friendly and personable, and establish you as a true industry leader. Check out this article on recommended company social media policies.

3. Online Accounting & Bookkeeping: In the very beginning, it’s important to keep excellent track of company books and finances yourself. Although you may eventually hire a dedicated accounting team, understanding the books and navigating the software will not only keep records correct from day one, but will also help keep you abreast of where company funds are allocated, what’s being spent, when, where, and why. Here is an online list of 10 Online Invoicing Services.

Of course there are a number of other skills you should learn including SEO marketing, basic graphic design, and cloud data basing. However, these 3 tools should be immediately considered on your journey to success.

Best of luck!

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